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      VOA英语学习网 > CNN > 2020年CNN新闻听力 > 2020年10月CNN新闻听力 >
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      CNN News: 加州森林大火

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      中英对照 听力原文

      Ten second trivia. In metric units, which of these prefixes means billion? Kilo, mega, giga, or tera.

      10秒快速问答。在公制单位中,这些前缀哪个表示十亿?千Kilo, mega, giga,或tera。

      These prefixes are in order of thousand, million, billion, and trillion with giga denoting billion.

      这些前缀的顺序是千、百万、十亿和万亿,其中giga表示十亿。

      But when it comes to wildfires, the term giga is used a little differently. A gigafire denotes a value of 1 million as opposed to 1 billion. The term has been around for a few years now and it's been applied to several massive blazes throughout history, including one burning in California right now.

      但是当涉及到野火时,giga这个词的用法有点不同。gigafire表示价值为100万,而不是10亿。这个词已经出现好几年了,历史上曾发生过几起大火,包括现在发生在加州的大火。

      It's called the August Complex fire. It's mostly contained, meaning it's mostly blocked from spreading further, but the damage has already been done. It's part of a highly active fire season across the United States.

      这被称为八月综合火灾。目前火势已基本得到控制,这意味着火势不会进一步蔓延,但损害已经造成。这是美国火灾高发季节。

      This isn't the worse in national history, at least not at this point. The National Interagency Fire Center says since 1983 there have been two years when wildfires burned more than 10 million acres and 2020 hasn't seen that yet.

      这并不是美国历史上最糟糕的情况,至少现在不是。美国国家消防中心表示,自1983年以来,已经有两年的森林大火烧毁了超过1000万英亩的土地,而到2020年还未达到这种情况。

      It's also possible that decades of fires before 1953 were much worse, but the NIFC says data from them isn't as reliable.

      1953年之前几十年的火灾也有可能更严重,但是美国国家消防中心表示这些数据并不可靠。

      Lightening strikes are responsible for igniting many wildfires. So are people. Through everything from campfires to fireworks to arson.

      雷击引起了许多火灾。人也是如此。从营火到烟火再到纵火

      For the more recent blazes, especially the ones in California, some experts and politicians have blamed a warming climate for higher temperatures and more severe droughts, which makes severe fires more likely. Some experts and politicians have blamed bad land management, not doing enough to remove dense forest vegetation which helps fires spread more easily. Whatever the causes are, "CNN 10" contributor Tyler Mauldin explains the effects across the Golden State.

      对于最近发生的火灾,特别是加州的火灾,一些专家和政治家将高温和更严重的干旱归咎于气候变暖,这使得更严重的火灾更有可能发生。一些专家和政治家指责土地管理不善,没有采取足够措施清除茂密的森林植被,这使得火灾更容易蔓延。不管原因是什么,CNN 10频道的撰稿人泰勒·莫尔丁解释了对整个加州的影响。

      Ten second trivia. In metric units, which of these prefixes means billion? Kilo, mega, giga, or tera.

      These prefixes are in order of thousand, million, billion, and trillion with giga denoting billion.

      But when it comes to wildfires, the term giga is used a little differently. A gigafire denotes a value of 1 million as opposed to 1 billion. The term has been around for a few years now and it's been applied to several massive blazes throughout history, including one burning in California right now.

      It's called the August Complex fire. It's mostly contained, meaning it's mostly blocked from spreading further, but the damage has already been done. It's part of a highly active fire season across the United States.

      This isn't the worse in national history, at least not at this point. The National Interagency Fire Center says since 1983 there have been two years when wildfires burned more than 10 million acres and 2020 hasn't seen that yet.

      It's also possible that decades of fires before 1953 were much worse, but the NIFC says data from them isn't as reliable.

      Lightening strikes are responsible for igniting many wildfires. So are people. Through everything from campfires to fireworks to arson.

      For the more recent blazes, especially the ones in California, some experts and politicians have blamed a warming climate for higher temperatures and more severe droughts, which makes severe fires more likely. Some experts and politicians have blamed bad land management, not doing enough to remove dense forest vegetation which helps fires spread more easily. Whatever the causes are, "CNN 10" contributor Tyler Mauldin explains the effects across the Golden State.


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